Competent gardeners are trying to choose for planting large and elite varieties of strawberries. After all, for such a crop is easier to care for and harvest much faster. This is the sort of marshal. This strawberry is common among gardeners, because it quickly adapts to different climatic conditions, has an amazing taste and presentation. In this article we will talk about the description of strawberries, we will learn its merits and terms of ripening.
Marshal - a variety of strawberries, bred in 1890 by the American breeder MF Well. The stunning taste of ripe fruit quickly made it popular in America. Well, in Russia, this variety appeared only after the end of World War II. It is considered winter-hardy and with high fruit bearing culture.Ripe strawberry marshal on a plate
Description of the strawberry variety Marshal
Marshal is a medium grade. Its bushes have a powerful sprawling structure, and its height reaches 15 cm. Strawberry leaves are large and thick. A characteristic feature of the culture is the presence of a very strong root system.
The weight of one berry is on average 40-60 g, however, the largest sizes were also observed. At the top of the fruit is a small spout of a type pierced through the middle.
Brief description of strawberry marshal:
- The stalks of bushes are straight, tall and thick, noticeably leafy.
- The leaves are large, light green; their bulk helps fruits protect themselves from the burning sun.
- Peduncles tall, erect; slightly rise above the leaf plate.
- Scarlet brilliant berries, wedge-shaped, have a pleasant strawberry flavor.
- Strawberry flesh is not dense enough, but moderately juicy with inconspicuous sourness, without internal cavities.
Marshal variety is one of the most profitable culture. The first harvest appears in early June. The period of the main ripening of fruits is considered the middle of June. At this point, from one bush can collect up to 1 kg of strawberries. However, the greatest yield is obtained in the first year after planting.
Advantages and disadvantages
The main advantage of strawberries - quick survival rate and endurance to different temperature changes. Another marshal's trump card is frost resistance and resistance to any diseases and pests.
Strawberry has the following advantages:
- high performance;
- prolonged fruiting;
- large fruits and excellent taste;
- excellent "camouflage" - thanks to the large leaves, the berries are protected from eating birds;
- does not require excessive feeding;
- universality - the berry is used fresh or canned.
Strawberry instantly forms rosettes and antennae. They help the plant to multiply easily, even in not very pleasant conditions. She is not afraid of long droughts, but it is desirable for increased yield that the soil was slightly moist. However, experienced experts noted that the productivity of culture is unchanged, even in dry or normal weather.Strawberry Marshal on the garden plot
Growing this variety is no different from the growth of other types of strawberries. It is good to start planting seedlings at the beginning of spring, because in autumn time it is possible to reduce yields. It is necessary to plant in early spring, and in autumn it should be planted approximately 2 weeks before the onset of frost.
Site selection and ground requirements
For planting strawberries need to pick up open and well lit by the sun space. The soil should be fertile and loose. The soil is desirable to choose a nutrient with easy moisture permeability. Such conditions will lead to normal airing of the root system and will promote the proper formation of plants. Growth is also carried out in greenhouses, so the harvest ripens much earlier.
To increase the fertility of the land, At the beginning of planting, the allotted area is dug up, and rotted manure with sand is added. If the loamy soil - make sand, compost, humus, slightly rotted sawdust.Strawberry seedlings
Since the bushes are large - The main thing is not to thicken the landing. The distance between cultures should be at least 25 cm, 70-80 cm between rows. A good option is considered to be staggered. Subsequently, mature bushes will not touch each other, and their roots stretch freely.
Planting and care
When growing a crop, you need to take into account certain requirements:
- the best predecessors for strawberry marshal are spinach, radish, parsley, beans, celery;
- fruits well and grows after flowers such as daffodils, tulips;
- on poor soils it is advised to plant garden beauty after phacelia, mustard;
- can not be grown in places where there were potatoes, cucumbers, tomatoes;
- watering plants begin in early May (when most growth occurs) and until the end of September.
It is necessary to water strawberries early in the morning or in the evening at the root of the plant. The ground near the bushes should always be loose, so that moisture and oxygen get better. On poor, clogged soil, the yield will be small or it will not be at all.
Despite the fact that the marshal variety is drought-resistant and is highly resistant to diseases and pests, it still requires proper care.
To increase fertility, plants should be fed with mineral, organic fertilizers. They are made in May, June and autumn, after the end of the harvest. Bird droppings, mullein, diluted in water is fertilized in the spring in order to enrich the soil.
Diseases and pests
It is necessary to spray the pest preparations during the flowering of the plant and during the harvest.. But it is better not to process ripe berries, in order not to get poisoned by themselves.
To eliminate fungal diseases, regrown mustaches are destroyed. Preventive measures involve one treatment with a fungicide. If the strawberry has undergone a disease, then a second spraying of this agent will be needed.
In general, marshal care for strawberries is quite simple, even a novice gardener can handle it. WITHIt is simply time to water, loosen, fertilize plants. With the growth, formation, fruiting, you need to make more nutrients. Culture is completely unpretentious and has great yields.