Motoblock is a small-sized tractor that can facilitate the mechanization of the labor of a farmer in the backyard, dacha or farmer yard with a small mechanization. Adaptations for it determine the functionality of the application, are used for loosening the soil, planting potatoes and vegetable crops, hauling cargo, hilling. An important factor in the feasibility of purchasing a tiller is the size of the area for processing.
How to plant potatoes under the motoblock
There are agrotechnical methods of cultivation of our favorite potatoes, and they are very difficult. This culture has a weak root systemand therefore the condition of the soil must meet certain requirements:
- water permeability
- enough heat
For these purposes, motorized devices are used in the form of a walk-behind tractor, a cultivator on a motor, or a mini-tractor. People invented the motor-block mechanism - the most suitable, low-cost equipment for planting potatoes.
Dignity motor cultivator is that by cultivating cutter Soil preparation is done, beds are sown for sowing, and inter-row processing is conducted up to the harvesting of root crops.
Mini tractors used in small farms on plowing, transportation of goods, cleaning of territories. All small-sized equipment solves the same questions: how to help agricultural workers.
Towing attachments are developed for the walk-behind tractor: hillers, plows, potato planters. Gardeners prefer to have a device in the farm with a hiller, which can be adjusted to the width of the grip under him.
Wherein the size of the plot and the potato variety are taken into account.
Landing under the plow
The passage in the opposite direction is accompanied by the closure of the furrows with soil. This method is used frequently, and here no need to pre-mark the area for sowing.
Work with disk hiller
Landing and disc hiller. This device is a nozzle for the motoblock device in the form of a special frame on which metal disks are suspended at an angle to the surface of the earth.
Hiller not only cuts ridges for planting, but also loosens the soil.Disc hiller
Planting potato planter differs from the previously mentioned methods in that it does not require marking, manual unfolding of tubers. This process is fully mechanized.
The use of potato planters is advisable in large areas. But the specific design of the equipment requires additional careful selection of seed material in size.Potato Planter
Application of double row hiller
Other devices are used, for example, a two-row hiller. It would seem that work should be halved in time. But there are features of potato planting with a two-row hiller.
With this technology is processed at the same time two crests. It is difficult to control both crests at once, so people try to simplify the process of planting.
Produce small equipment for farmsteads in the Russian Federation, the countries of the former USSR began long ago. The leader in this direction is the enterprise "Red October - Neva".
For over a decade, designers have been working, new models are being mastered, and hinged mechanisms are being improved. As a result of vigorous design activity, an aggregate appeared to perform wide range of tillage operations.Motoblock Neva
The second place in popularity is occupied by the Salyut 6.5 HP. For planting potatoes, you need to have, in addition to the unit, an additional plow, hiller, and above all, adhesion devices with the ground.
Planting potatoes salut tillers basically as follows: the mechanism moves in one direction and slits groove for laying the seed, the same unit comes back and closes the furrow with soil.
Motor-blocks MTZ came to us from the Soviet Minsk Tractor Plant, are popular and are now in demand among the population of Russia.
The agricultural machine of the minimum sizes turns multi-functional and versatile. Adequately fulfills its purpose.
The model has disadvantages:
- There are problems with shifting gears;
- load of physical forces is required when switching the differential.
Every business executive acquires his equipment, based on considerations of cost, expediency. Requirements for agricultural practices do not change.MTZ motor-block
How to plow a walker under the potato? To get a decent crop of potatoes, you must follow the rules of cultivation of the soil, plant care, including inter-row processing, timely harvesting.
Preparation of soil for potatoes
The first step to victory in the struggle for the harvest of root crops is to prepare the soil for planting potatoes with a walk-behind tractor. To start the spring work in the garden you need determine the area under the potato.
To this end, you need to find dry place with sandy loam. Loosening the soil is recommended in dry weather. The soil layer should not be turned over during spring loosening.
The composition of the soil is determined simply by:
- a small amount of soil is taken and soaked in water;
- the ball rolls out of this soil, the ball does not work out of the sandy soil;
- a strip is pulled out of the ball, if it did not work out - the sandy sandy soil;
- The strip turned out - loamy or clayey soil.
Depth of termination
Most suitable for potatoes sandy, sandy type. The owner decides for himself how deep the potato will be planted with a walk-behind tractor.
Light sandy and sandy soils sufficiently permeate the air, so you can not cut the ridges, and put in the grooves. The depth of cultivation depends on the properties of the soil and the optimal value is equal to 12 cm.
How to check readiness
Preparation of the motor-block for work consists in the following:
- check fuel and oil level in the system, if necessary, add to the desired value;
- make sure that the wheel drive levers are unlocked;
- open the fuel supply valve;
- switch the ignition switch to the "on" position;
- pull out the starter cord and pull it hard until the engine starts.
The planting process involves the whole range of actions from the preparation of machinery and seeds to the completion of the planting pore. Technological methods develop in different ways, even depending on weather conditions.
Under any circumstances, farmers practice the moment. preseeding selection, vernalization and germination of tubers. For planting choose tubers weighing 35-50 g. Sprouts lay in the ground when they become thick and green.
Sowing material prepared, alerted equipment for tillage, the timely question arises, how to cut the grooves under the potato walker. Mid-season and late potato varieties are planted in a row at a distance of up to 35 cm and 60 cm between rows. The cutting distance between rows of early varieties is kept within 50 cm.
People apply technology in accordance with their specific conditions. Using the tiller cut furrows or beds. On the request, how to cut the beds under the motor walker, there is an answer.
First bed to do exactly in line. In the next row down the wheel on the trail of the previous row. Everything works out smoothly if you put extenders on the rubber wheels, hook up a double-row hiller, put knives in the center correctly.
What is a plow for planting potatoes for a motoblock is speed. Fissures are cut, potatoes are laid, they are returned back, and the motoblock closes the groove. The next furrow is laid at a distance about 70 cm.
Experienced farmers easily make a homemade plow for planting a walker. They understand the price preference of the product with their own hands.
In addition, intelligently calculated parameters facilitate the work, the plow does not break out of the furrow. The plow is controlled at work and gives its advantages.
Planting of a motor-cultivator is also carried out. It is equipped with a gearbox and cultivating cutters in contrast to the motoblock, which has wheels.
At cost this unit costs cheaper. Cultivation of potatoes involves the use of a plow.
Correct sowing pattern
After planting and germination continues to care for the plants. Inter-row potato processing provides for neat soil loosening around tilled culture. Work is done manually, but it is a tedious long process.
Processing with a mini-tractor speeds up the process, saves human power. Attachments perform work benign and fast. Here use okuchnik.
It looks like a scheme of planting a motor walker - 35 cm between tubers, 60 cm between rows.The scheme of planting potatoes motoblock
Pluses of an okuchnik consist in its multifunctionality:
- when landing forms furrows;
- qualitatively loosening the soil;
- spud plants.
Weeds in the garden grow next to the potatoes. For cleansing the area of weeds apply special equipment.Weed harrow
Weeding with a net harrow is simple. Harrow tines are attached to the net and facing the ground, the net is suspended from the frame. A technical tool pulls across the field this drag, as we move, weeds are pulled out.
Use the harrow with the appearance of weeds after plowing before germination.
So, tilled crop potatoes, which the entire population loves, require a special approach to themselves. Growing mates with many agrotechnical methods. Designers, manufacturers of small-scale mechanization for village workers make good gifts.