The variety of tomato dad is adapted for growing in different regions, is characterized by unpretentiousness and high yield. Growing this variety of tomatoes will provide the diet with nutritious fruits from June to October, even in the absence of a greenhouse. Description of the features of the variety and detailed agrotechnology from the article will help to get a high yield with minimal effort.
Characteristics of tomato varieties Batyanya
The variety was bred by Siberian Garden breeders. It is oriented for growing in different climatic conditions, including in Siberia with a short summer and unstable temperature. Suitable for cultivation in open ground in the stale culture and in the greenhouse.
This is an indeterminate variety, reaching a height of up to 2.2 meters in open ground and up to 1.7 m in a greenhouse. Batyana - an early ripe grade. The first fruits ripen 90 days after emergence. Fruiting lasts until the first frost. The average yield from each bush 5-6 kg.
Fruits with an average weight of 250-350 g, cone-shaped, crimson. Tomatoes are sweet, sugary and fleshy. Suitable for fresh use, processing in lecho, juices or pastes.The fruits of tomato dad
Advantages and disadvantages
Also advantages are noted:
- resistance to late blight;
- low foliage;
- high yield up to 17 kg from 1 m2;
- possibility of further reproduction by seeds;
- drought resistance, cold resistance;
- good preservation and transportability of fruits.
Deficiencies varieties emerged in the practice of gardeners. This is a bad seed germination and the formation of a large number of stepsons, which requires regular pruning. Fruits are overly sensitive to moisture, crack and rot. A few rainy days may well ruin the harvest.
Batany shoots often break off under the weight of the fruit, which requires tying each brush separately. Despite these shortcomings, the Batyana variety is popular with gardeners. It has an advantage over hybrids with a similar characteristic, nutritional value of fruits and relative unpretentiousness in care.Bush with tomatoes
For the first planting of Batyana tomato, seeds are best purchased from reputable manufacturers. Such planting material is completely ready for sowing: hardened and disinfected from diseases.
For heated greenhouses, seeds are sown from February 15 to early March, and for open ground from April 1 to 15.
Soil mixture for tomatoes consists of equally mixed components:
- turf ground:
- rotted sawdust.
Wood ash (400 g), urea (4 g) and superphosphate (20 g) are added to a 10 liter bucket of the substrate. Mixed soil mixture is disinfected - watered with a 0.1% solution of potassium permanganate and dried.
Prepare the packaging for seedlings in a form suitable for placement. Mandatory height of containers 8-10 cm.
The containers are filled with substrate and watered with a hot 0.1% solution of potassium permanganate. Grooves are made on the surface of the soil with a depth of 1 cm at a distance of 3 cm. The seeds are located at intervals of 1–2 cm and sprinkled with soil.
The surface of the container is covered with a film. Crops have a warm and lighted place. Optimum conditions: t + 25 ° С- + 28 ° С, air humidity 80-90%, minimum illumination 15 hours a day.Preparation of soil for seedlings
Watered with warm water as the soil dries. After germination after 6-7 days, the film is removed. Seedlings dive after the appearance of the first two true leaves.
It is convenient to use ready-made formulations:
- Forward (Agricola);
- Agricola number 3;
Preparations are used according to the instructions.
10-15 days before transplantation, the seedlings are hardened, carried out on balconies or the street, gradually increasing the time.
Open field tomato
For the cultivation of tomato choose light, protected from northern winds place. The beds are planned on the treated area, fertilized with peat compost, humus and minerals: phosphorus, nitrogen, potassium. Rows of tomatoes are oriented from north to south.
Seedlings are transplanted after warming the soil at a depth of 10 cm to +15 ° C and establishing a stable air temperature.
Tomatoes are arranged in two rows in a staggered manner, leaving a distance of 0.5 m between the plants. Holes are formed at the marked places. On the north side of the holes they establish supports - stakes 2 m high from the ground surface.
The roots of the seedlings are placed in the hole, covered with soil to the cotyledon leaves, compressed tightly and watered abundantly. The stalk is tied up to a support with a “free loop”; as it grows over the summer, up to 3 garters will be needed.Tomato seedling seed
Watering and fertilizer
Then the frequency of watering is reduced to 1 time per week, but increase the volume of water to 10 liters for one plant. Bushes watered at the root, avoiding moisture on the leaves.
Watering combine weed weeding and loosening the soil. After a month, tomato roots form surface roots, then it is better to stop loosening. The soil surface under the tomatoes is covered with a layer of mulch: straw, peat or humus.
For the season will need 3 dressing:
- the first 10 days after transplanting: with an aqueous solution of mullein 1:10;
- the second 10 days after the formation of the ovaries: in 10 l of mullein solution (1:10) add superphosphate (30 g), urea (20 g), potassium sulfate (10 g), potassium permanganate (3 g), copper sulphate (2 g) ;
- the third after the ripening of the first batch of fruits: the same solution as in the second dressing.
Top dressing is carried out after irrigation, spending 1.5 liters of solution for 1 plant.Watering tomatoes with dressing
Diet tomato plants form 1 or 2 stems. To do this, remove all stepchildren - lateral branches of the tomato, growing from the leaf axils. They are completely removed with a sharp knife, leaving only the main shoot with fruiting buds. For the formation of the second stem leave the stepson, which grows under the first flower brush.
At high humidity increases the risk of tomato infection with late blight or cladosporia infection. The first preventive treatment of the bushes is carried out 15 days after landing in the ground. To do this, use a 1% solution of Bordeaux mixture.
Spraying is carried out two more times, but only before setting fruits on 4 brushes. After that, you can not use poisons, the fruits become unsuitable for food for 3 weeks.Spraying against pests and diseases
Further spraying is carried out with infusion of garlic, the volatile production of which protects against fungal spores. To prepare the infusion, the garlic minced in a meat grinder (200 g) is poured with warm water (1 liter) and infused for 1 day. Strained infusion diluted in 10 liters of water and add 40 g of soap. Mortar bushes sprayed every 7-10 days.
For additional prophylaxis between the main sprays, the bushes are treated with a 0.1% solution of potassium permanganate. Prevent disease helps regular removal of yellowed leaves, clean and dry pristvolnyh circles.
All pledged varietal qualities of tomato batyana can be multiplied. To do this, you must carefully observe the agrotechnical plants, do not skip feeding and preventive treatment. Subsequently, from the seeds taken from the fruit on the plot, with each generation will grow more adapted to the region and strong plants.